Materials we use at ORRO
There are four main factors to consider when buying a diamond, known as "the four Cs" - cut, colour, clarity and carat.
Cut refers to the proportions, finish, symmetry, and polish of a diamond. These factors determine the fire and brilliance of the stone.
Cut can also mean shape, the most common being the round or Brilliant cut diamond. The Princess cut is a square version of the brilliant, Navette an elongated and pointed oval, while the Baguette is a "step" cut diamond that is rectangular in shape.
The best colour for a diamond is no colour at all. Diamonds are graded on a scale that measures degrees of yellow in the colour of the stone. The best stones graded D, E, and F are regarded as colourless, while the scale moves on through to Z, which would be light yellow in colour.
Diamonds are natural products and often include minerals, fissures, and growth phenomena, known collectively as inclusions. The clarity of a stone is important because a diamond relies on the free movement of light within the stone for it's brilliance.
The highest clarity grades are If (internally flawless), Vvs (very very slight inclusions), Vs (very slight inclusions) and Si (slight inclusions) - all of which require the use of X10 magnification to discern. There are other lower clarity grades, with inclusions visible to the naked eye.
This is only a measure of weight, it is the above factors which determine the diamond's quality (one carat = 0.2g). One carat is divided into a hundred points (1 point = 0.01ct).
At Orro we believe it's better to choose a smaller stone of a better quality, rather than a bigger stone of a lesser quality. We would also like to assure customers that all our diamonds are conflict free.